Chapter 1: Reaching Minds
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King Solomon’s Ring. Konrad Lorenz. 1952. This deceptively simple account of Lorenz’s animals and birds is a fine introduction to the science of ethology. With drawings by the author.

Comments on the 1950s applications and extensions of Skinner’s operant psychology.” Edward K. Morris. 2003. The Behavior Analyst 26:281–95.

When the President appointed me.” Karen Pryor. 1995. On Behavior, chap. 15.

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Photos: Wolf Park

Video: Clicker trained wolves at Wolf Park

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Marine Mammal Commission

The Skinner Foundation

Wolf Park, Battle Ground, Indiana

Sea Life Park

Karen with rat on her shoulder

“Pryor strikingly demonstrates how ethological expertise—knowledge of a subject’s basic biology and behavior—is a prerequisite for success in animal training. Her knowledge of the differing capacities of various species, of their instinctual and sensory processes and their malleability, of how this information can be exploited in relationship to humans, are underlying factors that most other books on the subject ignore.”

Irene Pepperberg
author of Alex and Me