Chapter 8: Conversations
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The Alex Studies: Cognitive and Communicative Abilities of Grey Parrots. Irene Maxine Pepperberg. 1999. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Alex & Me: How a Scientist and a Parrot Discovered a Hidden World of Animal Intelligence. Irene Pepperberg. 2008. New York: Random House.

Reinforcement Training as Interspecies Communication. Karen Pryor. 1987. In Dolphin Behavior and Cognition: A Comparative Approach. ed. Ronald Schusterman, Jeanette A. Thomas, and F.G. Woods. New York: Erlbaum Associates.

If I Could Talk To The Animals… Reinforcement Interactions as Communication.” Karen Pryor. 1992. President’s Invited Schlolar’s Address, Association for Behavior Analysis annual conference, San Francisco. In On Behavior, pp.353-63.

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Max swimming with a dolphin

“Pryor strikingly demonstrates how ethological expertise—knowledge of a subject’s basic biology and behavior—is a prerequisite for success in animal training. Her knowledge of the differing capacities of various species, of their instinctual and sensory processes and their malleability, of how this information can be exploited in relationship to humans, are underlying factors that most other books on the subject ignore.”

Irene Pepperberg
author of Alex and Me